Community based Animal health and welfare: (8 pages)
Page 5: Gender, Children and building peace


The August women's peace crusade & The July women's peace crusade 2001.
Pastoralist harmonisation initiative: second international meeting.
Breaking the spears and cooling the earth: an analytical review of the Pastoral Communities Harmonisation Initiative.
The herd instinct: children and livestock in the horn of Africa 1999.

The August women's peace crusade & The July women's peace crusade. 2001
Women as ambassadors of peace: an effective means of reducing cattle raiding among East African pastoralists?

Akabwai, D. CAPE, OAU , 2001
These articles looks at a CAPE inspired innitiative to use women as ambassadors of peace. Pastoralists in East Africa have considerable problem with cattle raiding and cross-border conflict. Women can play a particularly important role in diminishing this problem.
The articles finds that:

  • women are powerful advocates for peace in the region
  • in general pastoralists in this region are yearning for peace

The articles recommends that:

  • members of the cluster should adhere to the peace pacts they have made between themselves
  • acts of banditry should be reported to elders and government officials
  • action should be taken against administrators and officials involved in raiding
  • the two sides involved in conflict should stop the theft and widespread killing that are excused on the basis of retaliation
  • animals stolen during the peace crusade must be returned by chiefs
  • security should be tightened along the chief border areas by governments, to stop banditry along main roads

full report, July, in .pdf format (download time prolonged)
full report, August, in .pdf format (download time prolonged)

Pastoralist harmonisation initiative: second international meeting. How to harmonise pastoralism in Karamoja? Findings from a conference. 2001
Grace, D. CAPE, OAU , 2001
The Pastoral Harmonisation Meeting at Mbale was the second International Meeting convened by OAU/IBAR to support peace building in the Karamoja Cluster.
The key messages emerging from the 14 communities of the Karamoja cluster include:

  • the communities acknowledge that the ultimate responsibility for peace lies with them
  • governments must provide the services and security to which all citizens are entitled
  • development agencies must listen more, and coordinate their activities better

The key messages emerging from the development agencies working within the cluster include:

  • genuine peace comes from within the communities
  • peace is an ongoing process

The key messages emerging from parliamentarians of the cluster include:

  • that they pledge support to regional initiatives for peace building
  • that they will provide affirmative action through their respective governments on security, governance and rights for the peoples of the cluster.

full report in .pdf format (download time might be prolonged)

Breaking the spears and cooling the earth: an analytical review of the Pastoral Communities Harmonisation Initiative. From community-based animal health to peace-maker: the shifting role of OAU/IBAR. 2001
Waithaka, D. CAPE, OAU , 2001
This article describes the role OAU/IBAR plays in peace-making among the Karamajong in Kenya, Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia.

OAU/IBAR's main interaction was previously focused on eradicating rinderpest and other livestock diseases through community-based animal health approaches. However, the organisation has already won the confidence of the livestock owners in this area. People in this region now consider OAU/IBAR as a trustworthy partner.
This has led to the Pastoral Communities Harmonisation (PCH) initiative. This has:

  • generated useful analyses of the situation
  • brought out new insights into the problems of the pastoralists
  • presribed potential solutions
  • halted hostilities.

full report in .pdf format (download time might be prolonged)

The herd instinct: children and livestock in the horn of Africa. 1999
by Andy Catley. Working Paper 21, Save the Children. 1999. (80 pages) ISBN 1 84187-0070-2; ISSN 0966-6931

Available from: Publications Sales, Save the Children, 17 Grove Lane, London SE5 8RD, UK.

Summary: As a child-focused organisation, Save the Children must be able to demonstrate that its work makes a real difference to children's lives. While it is generally accepted that projects in sectors such as education and health offer obvious benefits to children, the links between livestock-related work and child welfare are not always understood. This working paper looks at pastoralist communities in the Horn of Africa and describes the fundamental ways in which the ownership of animals affects children, both positively and negatively. The paper focuses on basic needs in communities that have been increasingly marginalised, experienced long-term conflict and suffered recurrent food security problems.

Using case studies from Save the Children projects in south-east Ethiopia, the paper shows how livestock projects can be developed according to local priorities, capacity and knowledge. It also offers suggestions for learning more about the impact of livestock projects, both on communities as a whole and on the children living in these communities.

The paper concludes that practical experience in community-based approaches to livestock development is crucial when working with pastoralists. Crucially, pastoralists and their children are highly dependent on livestock as sources of food, income and social well-being. As livestock problems are often a local priority, animal health or similar initiatives can be a useful entry point for understanding a range of issues affecting pastoral livelihoods.

The paper will be useful for readers who wish to learn more about the role of animals in herding communities.