Community based Animal health and welfare: (8 pages)
Page 6: Policy


Policy support to primary veterinary service delivery in Somalia 1997
Report of a workshop on the role of paraveterinarians in the present and future veterinary infrastructure in Afghanistan 1999.
The need and possible modalities of establishment of community based delivery of veterinary services and inputs in the arid and semi arid areas in Kenya.
Non governmental organisations and the delivery of animal health services in developing countries 1997.
Livestock in development: the changing role of veterinary services.
NGO strategies for livestock development in western Rajasthan, India: an overview and analysis. 1998.
Anthropological veterinary medicine: the need for indigenizing the curriculum 1998.

Somali ethnoveterinary medicine and private animal health services: Can old and new systems work together?
Andy Catley and Robert Walker. In: Ethnoveterinary Medicine: Alternatives for Livestock Development. Proceedings of the International Conference on Ethnoveterinary Medicine, Research and Development. Pune, India, 4th-6th November, 1997.

This paper discusses Somali ethnoveterinary medicine in relation to emerging private veterinary services and market-orientated changes to livestock
production systems in Somali areas. The paper uses the term ‘private veterinary services’ to describe private veterinary pharmacies, clinics or drug importers whose activities are based on the use of modern pharmaceuticals. Although traditional healers are also private operators, the paper considers this indigenous service to be one component of ethnoveterinary practice.  Full report in .pdf format

Report Of A Workshop On The Role Of Paraveterinarians In The Present And Future Veterinary Infrastructure In Afghanistan; Peshawar, Pakistan; 4-5 March 1999
Organised by: Dutch Committee for Afghanistan - Veterinary Programmes (DCA-VET)
full report

The need and possible modalities of establishment of community based delivery of veterinary services and inputs in the arid and semi arid areas in Kenya. Marketing and veterinary services must be participatory in African Semi Arid Lands areas. 1999
Muchina Munyua, S.J.; Kahiu, I.G.; Farrah, K. CAPE, OAU , 1999
This article explores how veterinary services should be provided in African Semi Arid Lands (ASAL) areas.
The article finds that:

  • veterinary services have traditionally been offered free, with the Government meeting the costs of drugs, service, disease control and surveillance and employment and deployment of personnel. This structure and mode of delivery of services has proved to be unsustainable and impractical
  • this situation is compounded by the collapse of basic infrastructure and the almost total control of livestock marketing by middlemen
  • the provision of veterinary inputs and services must be improved
  • the alleviation of current livestock production constraints must be complemented with the transformation of the livestock marketing system. The information inequality between informed middleman and uninformed livestock producer needs to be addressedthe current marketing and veterinary services delivery system must evolve to become truly participatory if livestock productivity, food security, increased rural incomes and improved quality of life is to become a reality in the ASAL areas.

full report in .pdf format (download time might be prolonged)

Non Governmental Organisations And The Delivery Of Animal Health Services In Developing Countries. A Discussion Paper for the Department for International Development UK. 1997
Andy Catley, November, 1997. ISBN 0 9533602 0 2.
Full report

Livestock in development: the changing role of veterinary services. Delivery of animal health services: results from the survey of Chief Veterinary Officers. 1996
Ashley, S.D.; Holden, S.J.; Bazeley, P.B.S. CAPE, OAU , 1996
This paper reports the results of a survey of Chief Veterinary Officers’ (CVOs) opinions carried at the OIE General Session in May 1995.
The article focuses on:

  • their views on a number of key issues related to current policy debates about the delivery of animal health services
  • the nature of service delivery
  • the main influences on current activities
  • the major clients of State Veterinary Services (SVSs)
  • requirements for improvement of SVSs

The article finds:

  • a large majority of CVOs in Africa and Asia favoured the retention of therapeutic services by the state
  • the most important influences on current activities of SVSs are professional veterinary bodies
  • there are regional differences in perceptions as to which of the SVSs’ major client groups are most important, with Europe focusing on public health and the food industry whilst Africa considers smallholder farmers and public health to be most important
  • Chief Veterinary Officers consider larger budgets and better trained staff as their most important requirements in improving the quality of service provided by SVSs.

full report in .pdf format (download time might be prolonged)

NGO Strategies For Livestock Development In Western Rajasthan, India: An Overview And Analysis. 1998
by Ilse Köhler-Rollefson with Hanwant Singh Rathore, May, 1998.
summary of report

Anthropological Veterinary Medicine: the Need for Indigenizing the Curriculum. 1998
Paper presented at the 9th AITVM Conference in Harare, 14th-18th September, 1998
by Ilse Köhler-Rollefson and Juliane Bräunig
full report