Uses of PE during the design of community-based animal health projects
Participatory methods have been used for many years during the design of community-based animal health worker (CAHW) projects. A useful early reference is a special issue of the informal journal RRA Notes which includes examples of mapping, ranking and seasonal calendar methods.
The use of participatory methods during project design differs markedly from conventional animal disease surveys, which can be time-consuming and costly to implement. Typically, CAHW projects aim to prevent or treat a limited number of locally-prioritised animal health problems, rather than tackle all diseases.
The design of community-based animal health projects requires attention not only to diseases, but also a range of issues concerning the selection of CAHWs, incentives for CAHWs, and drug supply and supervision by private professionals. These issues are described in detail by Hadrill et al. (2002).
Grandin, B, Thampy, R. and Young, J. (1991). Village Animal Healthcare: A community-based approach to livestock development in Kenya. ITDG Publications, London. http://www.itdgpublishing.org.uk
Hadrill, D., Catley, A. and Iles, K. (2002). Getting Started. In: Community-based Animal Healthcare: A practical guide to improving primary veterinary services. ITDG Publications, London.http://www.itdgpublishing.org.uk French version available from http://www.karthala.com
Leyland, T. (1993). Animal health care in Afghanistan. Appropriate Technology, 19 no.4, 29-32.
Leyland, T. (1996). The Case for a Community-Based Approach with reference to Southern Sudan. In: The World Without Rinderpest. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 129, pp. 109-122.
Mariner, J.C. (1996). The World Without Rinderpest: Outreach to Marginalised Communities. In: The World Without Rinderpest. FAO Animal Health and Production Paper 129, pp. 97-107.
Maranga, S. (1992). Participatory Information Collection in Kenya and Zimbabwe. In: Daniels, P.W., Holden, S., Lewin, E. and Sri Dadi (Eds.). Livestock Services for Smallholders. Proceedings of an International Seminar held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia 15-21 November 1992. pp. 137-139.
PLA Notes (2002). Special Issue on Community-based animal healthcare. International Institute for Environment and Development, London. http://www.planotes.org
RRA Notes 20 (1994). Special Issue on Livestock. International Institute for Environment and Development, London. http://www.planotes.org Note - articles from this issue of RRA Notes can be downloaded free of charge from the PLA Notes website.